8 Oldest Dog Breeds On The Planet

Man’s best friend has been by our side for thousands of years, evolving alongside us and becoming an integral part of our history and culture. In this article, we will embark on a journey to explore the origins and rich histories of the eight oldest dog breeds on the planet. From the ancient halls of Egypt to the snow-covered landscapes of Siberia, these canine companions have stood the test of time, embodying loyalty, resilience, and companionship.

Saluki: The Royal Hound of Egypt

The History of the Saluki: The Oldest Dog Breed In History ...

Known as the “Royal Dog of Egypt,” the Saluki takes the top spot as one of the oldest dog breeds on Earth. Revered for its elegance and grace, this breed has a history dating back to 329 B.C. Salukis were highly valued by Egyptian pharaohs, often depicted in ancient artifacts and tombs. These sleek, swift hounds were not only hunting partners but also symbols of royalty and divinity.

Basenji: The Barkless Wonder

Basenji: Everything You Need To Know

Originating from Central Africa, the Basenji is famed for its unique trait – it doesn’t bark. This ancient breed, dating back to the days of the Pharaohs, was highly prized for its hunting skills. Known as the “barkless dog,” the Basenji communicates through a distinctive yodel-like sound called a “barroo,” adding an intriguing aspect to its timeless charm.

Afghan Hound: Majestic Beauty of the East

Afghan Hound - Dog Breed Information

With a history stretching back thousands of years, the Afghan Hound hails from the mountainous regions of Afghanistan. Often referred to as the “King of Dogs,” these majestic creatures were originally bred for hunting large game in harsh terrains. Their silky, flowing coats and regal appearance have made them a symbol of opulence and grace throughout history.

Chinese Shar-Pei: Wrinkled Guardians of the Past

Chinese Spar-Pei | Description, Temperament, Images, & Facts ...

Originating from China, the Shar-Pei is a distinctive breed known for its loose, wrinkled skin and unique “hippopotamus” face. Dating back to the Han Dynasty, these dogs served as multi-purpose working dogs, guarding homes, herding livestock, and even participating in dog-fighting. Despite their formidable appearance, Shar-Peis are known for their loyalty and affectionate nature.

Shiba Inu: Japan’s Ancient Companion

Shiba Inu Dog Breed Health and Care | PetMD

The Shiba Inu, a small and spirited breed, is one of Japan’s oldest native dogs. Dating back to 300 B.C., Shiba Inus were initially bred for hunting small game in the mountainous regions of Japan. Today, their fox-like appearance and spirited personality make them popular pets worldwide.

Siberian Husky: Sledding through Centuries

Siberian Husky | Characteristics, Overview, Temperament ...

Hailing from the unforgiving cold of Siberia, the Siberian Husky is a resilient and hardworking breed that traces its roots back to the Chukchi people. These dogs played a crucial role in the survival of the Chukchi, pulling sleds across vast snowy landscapes. With their striking appearance and friendly demeanor, Siberian Huskies continue to capture hearts globally.

Alaskan Malamute: Power and Prowess

Alaskan Malamute | Description, Temperament, & Facts ...

The Alaskan Malamute, a robust and powerful breed, originated from the native Inuit people of Alaska. These dogs were essential for pulling heavy sleds and hauling freight across the Arctic. Known for their strength and endurance, Alaskan Malamutes have maintained their ancient lineage, embodying the spirit of the North.

Akita Inu: Japan’s Symbol of Loyalty

Akita: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care

The Akita Inu, revered as a symbol of good health, happiness, and long life in Japan, has a lineage that dates back thousands of years. Originally bred for hunting bears and boars, Akitas later became loyal companions to Japanese royalty. With their dignified presence and unwavering loyalty, Akitas continue to be cherished family members around the world.


In conclusion, the stories of these eight oldest dog breeds weave a rich tapestry of history, culture, and companionship. From the royal courts of ancient Egypt to the snowy expanses of Siberia, these canine companions have left an indelible mark on human civilization. As we celebrate the timeless bond between humans and dogs, these ancient breeds stand as living testaments to the enduring power of companionship.


Are these breeds still popular today?

Yes, many of these ancient breeds remain popular as pets worldwide, cherished for their unique characteristics and historical significance.

Which ancient dog breed is the best for families?

Breeds like the Shiba Inu, Akita Inu, and Siberian Husky can make excellent family pets with proper training and socialization.

Do these breeds have specific health concerns due to their age?

While some breeds may have predispositions to certain health issues, responsible breeding and regular veterinary care can help mitigate potential concerns.

Are ancient dog breeds more challenging to train?

Training difficulty varies among individual dogs, but with patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement, these breeds can be trained effectively.

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